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老人接收新聞訊息之情感與記憶
作者:蔡琰、臧國仁
  本文旨在討論老人觀眾接收新聞訊息的特質,試圖思辨「情感」與「記憶」在老人訊息接收之角色。研究者認為,老人與媒介訊息互動較強的部分是媒體轉介之情感,而情感與記憶相關。
   透過深訪20位台灣都會區老人,本研究發現個人與社會互動之現有理論似難完整解釋老齡閱聽眾如何與社會交換訊息:老人既不認為新聞報導內容符合其所認知的老人生活「真相」,也不認為媒介提供了適合老人之內容。訪談結果顯示,傳播媒介若重視老齡閱聽眾市場,未來宜多提供「家庭」與「健康」主題。
其次,老人對新聞產生興趣多出自其情感,如「關心」其他老人,而老人讀完新聞後也屢對其個人生命史及個人知識庫產生豐厚記憶與聯想。
蔡琰、臧國仁(2008)。〈老人接收新聞訊息之情感與記憶〉。《中華傳播學刊》第十三期(七月號),頁3-36

The Role of Emotion and Memory for the Elderly in Reading News Stories
Yean Tsai & Kuo-jen Tsang
 A theory on the interaction between news stories and elderly people in
Taiwan urban areas is proposed and examined. Twenty subjects aged from 65 to
85 are interviewed and tested on their reactions toward various types of local
news.
 The present study also surveys the role of emotion and memory during the
reception process. It is found that emotion plays an important part in helping
the informants decide on which stories to read. Whether the media care for the
elderly and are able to entertain them are reported as the main reasons for
choosing reading materials.
 Finally, emotional reaction towards a news story is related to the amount
of information which a subject can remember after reading the news.
Keywords: gerontology, news, emotion, memory
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熟年世代網際網路之使用與老人自我形象與社會角色建構
作者:蔡琰、臧國仁
 本研究旨在探討「電腦/網路新媒介」與「老人」兩個社會系統是否藉著新聞訊息(網路新聞)的象徵符號進行傳播互動行為,意在觀察老人、電腦/網路新媒介如何在社會組織中透過符號象徵系統溝通或互動。
  本研究採取「敘事主題」檢視新媒介訊息類目,而在資料蒐集過程中以「故事訪談法」與老人對話,佐以問卷蒐集老人之人口及態度資料,隨後並SPSS分析及歸納法詮釋意涵。
  研究發現,若給予時間與機會,身心健康且有興趣學習使用電腦及網際網路之高齡者仍有可能成為新媒介使用者。「年齡」實非老人成為科技邊緣人的絕對因素,健康情況、經濟能力、教育程度都在老人面對新媒介世界時扮演特定角色。身心健康之熟齡老者在科技使用上雖略顯遲緩,但新科技對他們而言尚非無以取代的溝通工具,缺乏新媒介的便利性並未使老人減少對生活的滿意程度。

Self images and social roles: A study based on the aging people and their contacts with the Internet
Yean Tsai & Kuo-Jen Tsang
 The purpose of this study is to survey interaction and enactment between
news narrative and gerontology under the theoretical frameworks of socialcybernetics.
Organizing behaviors of subunits, such as elder adults and the new media within social structure, are constantly reconstructing each other through communication. This study primarily focuses on what some of the phases and characteristics of such interaction are.
Data were collected via observation through the method of so-called「life story interview」. SPSS is used to categorize the differences between groups of elder adults on their background, interests, capability, and uses of computers and the Internet.
The results indicated that from the 32 volunteers, averaged at an age of 77, half of the healthy elder adults have high interests in adapting the new media. Without high technology, however, current participants are satisfied with their daily routines in the neighbored society.
Keywords: news, narrative, gerontology, new media, self-image, socialcybernetics
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